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Through the Artemis lunar exploration program. NASA is committed to landing astronauts, including the first woman and the next man, on the Moon by 2024. NASA will use innovative new technologies and systems to explore more of the Moon than ever before. NASA will collaborate with commercial and international Space Agency to establish sustainable missions for various research and deep understanding of the Universe.
Artemis program will be helpful to demonstrate new technologies, capabilities humans have achieved in the past decades and it will also help us to test new innovative technologies. Through the Artemis program, humans will have a permanent presence on the Moon As we have on Space because of the International Space Station. Most of all It will Inspire a new generation and encourage careers in Space exploration.
NASA’s powerful new rocket, the Space Launch System (SLS), will send astronauts aboard the Orion spacecraft nearly a quarter-million miles from Earth to lunar orbit. Astronauts will dock Orion at the Gateway and transfer to a human landing system for expeditions to the surface of the Moon. They will return to the orbital outpost to board Orion again before returning safely to Earth.
Before sending humans, Nasa will send a suite of science instruments and technology demonstrations to the lunar surface through commercial Moon deliveries beginning in 2021. After that NASA will fly two missions around the Moon to test its deep space exploration systems. NASA is working toward launching Artemis I, an uncrewed flight to test the SLS and Orion spacecraft together, followed by the Artemis II mission, the first SLS and Orion test flight with a crew. NASA will land astronauts on the Moon by 2024 on the Artemis III mission and about once a year thereafter.
What We Are Going To Achieve With Artemis Program?
- Find and use water and other critical resources needed for long-term exploration
- Investigate the Moon’s mysteries and learn more about our home planet and the universe.
- Learn how to live and operate on the surface of another celestial body where astronauts are just three days from home.
- Prove the technologies we need before sending astronauts on missions to Mars, which can take up to three years roundtrip.
At the end Mars is the main goal, but before Mars Astronaut will explore the entire surface of the Moon with human and robotic explorers. Going forward to the Moon will be the next step of our generation, the generation ready for space travel.